• The Heritage Network
    • Resize:
    • A
    • A
    • A
  • Donate
  • The Fed, Other Central Banks Prepare for the Firestorm

    The Fed has shocked us once again, and it’s probably right. There’s a firestorm on the horizon. It starts in Europe, but it threatens the U.S. economy just as surely, and the Fed is getting ready.

    The most fundamental role of any central bank is to deal with a financial market crisis, to ensure markets operate as normally as circumstances permit. A central bank does this primarily by ensuring an adequate flow of liquidity to market participants, whether banks, other financial institutions, or other central banks. It is in this light one should view the coordinated announcement by the Federal Reserve along with the European Central Bank and four other central banks across Europe and Asia.

    Specifically, the Fed cut the price of emergency dollar funding from 1 percent to a half a percent. The Fed has arrangements with other central banks that allow it to swap dollars for other currencies on an overnight basis. The Fed cut the price of these swapline arrangements and extended the life of the swapline by 6 months to February 1, 2013.

    As the global reserve currency, much of the world’s commerce takes place in dollars. Foreign central banks often source dollars to their own banking systems, which use the dollars to fund internal commerce as well as export purchases. Inadequate dollar liquidity abroad can upend financial markets abroad and also in the United States. Three years ago, these same financial markets hemorrhaged during a financial crisis, and the U.S. unemployment rate is still around 9 percent.

    To be clear, the Fed is not bailing out Europe or the euro. There has been some musing about the Fed bailing out the euro—an idea so preposterous it doesn’t rise past the level of cocktail party speculation. But what the Fed is doing is something quite different. It’s not putting taxpayer money at risk. It’s not buying foreign sovereign debt. It’s not increasing the bailout capacity of the International Monetary Fund or any of the tools Europe has constructed to paper over its troubles. The Fed is just beefing up its own tools for lending dollars on a short-term basis to foreign central banks.

    Why now? Europe, of course, is going through a terrible time financially and economically, but where’s the crisis that would trigger such an action by the Fed? And why is the market reacting so positively? Just wait.

    A good way to think about this is to imagine that every fire engine in and around New York City were to converge on Manhattan. Every fire truck would lay out every bit of hose and tap every fire hydrant they could find. Every post is manned and ready, but there’s no fire, only a little smoke. Just wait.

    The market’s reaction is analogous to a real estate buyer who sees all this fire equipment, decides the neighborhood must be really safe, and bids up the nearest townhouse. Today’s 400-point initial rally in the Dow is proof positive that markets are either irrational, perfectly myopic, or both.

    What’s going on here? The Fed and its counterparts in Europe and Asia are getting ready for utter calamity. The crisis in Europe is reaching a crescendo. Bank credit in Europe is collapsing; interest rates, even in Germany, are rising; recession and worse is at the doorstep in southern Europe and threatens to engulf the entire continent; even the euro technocrats are now talking about having only a matter of days to save themselves and their beloved monetary union.

    There’s no real fire yet. But there will be. A big one. It’s heading this way, and the Fed is doing what it can to get ready.

    Posted in Featured [slideshow_deploy]

    9 Responses to The Fed, Other Central Banks Prepare for the Firestorm

    1. Musson1 says:

      According to it's charter the Fed has a dual mandate – fight inflation and optimize economic activity.

      But – it has become apparent that there is a third stealth mandate – increase the money supply to support unsustainable increases in government spending.

    2. MLC says:

      "The Fed is just beefing up its own tools for lending dollars on a short-term basis to foreign central banks."

      ROTFL. Uuumm, and what happens when these foreign central banks can't pay back the "loaned" dollars? Beefing up? This is akin to sticking your finger in the dike with more cracks than fingers blowing open holes every day. The whole dayumed damn is getting ready to burst wide open!

    3. Stirling says:

      At this point the Fed, and EU are all in money printing mode to attempt to keep this farse of fiat money scheme going. All those with common sense know that monopoly money will be worth more in short order. The runup in gold price is a direct correlation to the increase in the money supply, and show the debasement in the value of the dollar over the years. eventually the next bubble to pop will be our money.

    4. jweb says:

      "The Fed has shocked us once again, and it’s probably right."…"What’s going on here? The Fed and its counterparts in Europe and Asia are getting ready for utter calamity. "…Probably right…utter calamity…why is it considered crazy and fringe to be a Constitutionalist.? How can a candidate praise the Constitution and be pro-unecessary-war and pro-Fed monetary policy. The privately owned central bank (FRS) is unConstitutional. Why do you choose to lose your way America? Why do you choose to turn your back upon "correction"? As it has been stated previously in history, "Give me control of a nation's money and I care not who makes her laws." How many more drugs/escapisms do you need in order to find happiness in slavery?…P.S. Time is not your ally anymore.

    5. chatmandu002 says:

      So lending money at an absurd low rate to bankrupt foreign national banks is a good way to increase the liquidity of the US. LOL Don't think so.

    6. Grace Marie says:

      To MLC- Um, didn't you mean "dam" not "damn." On further reflection, maybe either word DOES fit the situation at hand.

    7. Vali says:

      No real fire yet? Sure is a lot of smoke, and where there is smoke…

    8. Bill Long says:

      The Fed was created to stabilize the value of the currency. (The $USD Dollar) Over the years, it has failed at this. Congress also added another objective for the Fed when it required it to promote 'full employment.' This is not a task for the Fed to be doing, and it is often at odds with its primary purpose. The Fed should provide liquidity, as the lender of last resort, to nationally chartered banks; I'm not certain it was ever tasked with providing liquidity to other central banks, as the professor mentions.

    9. Dave Knight says:

      Earlier this year the Inspector General of the Fed reported that there were $9 trillion un accounted for. Last week, it was reported that between September, 2008, and March, 2009, the Fed gave banks $7.7 trillion. Since then the Fed have given us QE I and QE II and has dumped a lot of dollars in the European markets. Where is the money coming from? This spending by the Fed is not included in the nation's budget or deficit. Besides our unfunded liability, how will these actions by the Fed affect the nation's solvancy?

    Comments are subject to approval and moderation. We remind everyone that The Heritage Foundation promotes a civil society where ideas and debate flourish. Please be respectful of each other and the subjects of any criticism. While we may not always agree on policy, we should all agree that being appropriately informed is everyone's intention visiting this site. Profanity, lewdness, personal attacks, and other forms of incivility will not be tolerated. Please keep your thoughts brief and avoid ALL CAPS. While we respect your first amendment rights, we are obligated to our readers to maintain these standards. Thanks for joining the conversation.

    Big Government Is NOT the Answer

    Your tax dollars are being spent on programs that we really don't need.

    I Agree I Disagree ×

    Get Heritage In Your Inbox — FREE!

    Heritage Foundation e-mails keep you updated on the ongoing policy battles in Washington and around the country.

    ×