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  • Strong National Security--the Prerequisite for Peaceful Commerce

    The slogan “War breeds war. Peace breeds prosperity” has become a favorite idea of the anti-war faction on the right. Unlike their anti-war allies on the left, who favor protectionism, those like Congressman Ron Paul (R–TX) are rightly committed to economic freedom. Their mistake lies in thinking that commerce and security are separate issues. Nothing could be more at odds with the experience of American statecraft.

    In 1789, the blessings of liberty secured by the Constitution began to manifest themselves (see chart) as imports (light blue) and exports (dark blue) grew by leaps and bounds. But American commerce was vulnerable to attacks by foreign powers. When American merchants or traders were attacked, the young United States defended its dearly held and vitally important principles of economic freedom against France (1798), Tripoli (1801), England (1812), and Algiers (1815). The attacks on American commerce leading up to each war and during the wars themselves had disastrous consequences for American prosperity, as trade plummeted.

    At the time of the American founding, imperialism and mercantilism dominated the international economic system. The U.S., by virtue of its principles, rejected this statist European path to national prosperity. Rather than the government propping up business, many of the Founders expected that private enterprise and trade would be the key to America’s national prosperity.

    Alexander Hamilton recognized international trade as the natural outlet for the innovative and entrepreneurial spirit of the American people:

    That unequaled spirit of enterprise, which signalizes the genius of the American merchants and navigators, and which is in itself an inexhaustible mine of national wealth, would be stifled and lost, and poverty and disgrace would overspread a country which, with wisdom, might make herself the admiration and envy of the world.

    Indeed, the private economic activity of U.S. citizens quickly expanded the reach of American ideas and interests to the far corners of the world.

    American farmers and manufacturers alike depended heavily on international commerce. Such enterprising activities, however, could yield fruit only if American citizens were able to travel and trade safely on the high seas.

    Observing how quickly American trade had expanded, Hamilton noted that “the adventurous spirit, which distinguishes the commercial character of America, has already excited uneasy sensations in several of the maritime powers of Europe.” These “uneasy sensations” soon became tangible threats, as the British and French navies began harassing American commerce, along with Barbary corsairs from North Africa.

    These actions by foreign powers violated U.S. sovereignty and endangered America’s path to prosperity—peaceful commerce. When the attacks began, John Adams, then a U.S. diplomat, noted frankly that it was “a good occasion to begin a navy.” The U.S. military had an important role to play in protecting the lives and liberties of Americans engaged in foreign trade.

    Per President George Washington’s request, Congress funded the first war ships in 1794 to protect American commerce from the corsairs of the Barbary States (present-day Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya). The navy steadily grew in strength to further protect American trade.

    Protecting trade is an enduring responsibility and a core element of U.S. national security. When foreign powers intimidate U.S. commerce and hold American prosperity for ransom, it is viewed as a fundamental threat. After four wars to protect American trade, James Madison made it quite clear in 1815 how the United States would respond to future coercion: “The United States while they wish for war with no nation, will buy peace with none, it being a principle incorporated into the settled policy of America, that as peace is better than war, so war is better than tribute.”

    From the Founders’ view, peace is desirable but not the end. “Securing the blessings of liberty” for the American people is the goal, which requires military preparedness and, when necessary, war.

    Today, economic freedom still depends on the strength of America’s national security institutions. The United States must seriously rethink its commitment to the Law of the Sea Treaty, which undermines American sovereignty by interfering with the operations of the U.S. Navy on the high seas and could cost the U.S. trillions of dollars in lost revenue. The ability of the U.S. Navy to protect freedom of the seas today remains vitally important, as tensions in the South China Sea continue to rise.

    Posted in First Principles [slideshow_deploy]

    3 Responses to Strong National Security--the Prerequisite for Peaceful Commerce

    1. Brian Horsfield says:

      This is another article defending the status quo: occupy 130 nations with 900 US military bases for the interests of American corporations. It's this imperialistic foreign policy that isolates the US as the pariah state of the world. Ron Paul has the best plan: close all the overseas bases and bring all the troops to defend this country and spend that money here, not propping Germany, Japan, South Korea and 127 other nations who should be funding their own defense not at the expense of US taxpayers.

    2. TDM says:

      Yes, commerce and security are closely connected. Your mistake, however, is to think security equates with fumbling militarism. Those two are indeed very separate. Current US foreign policy provides way too much of the latter and actually harms our national security.

    3. GetReal says:

      commerce and security are closely connected, but the smallest commerce today is just as small as in Hamilton's day while the largest is is way larger today. I would be more inclined to support the current "National Defense" of commerce if i saw the the military confront the big GMO companies that produce products that literally take-over and destroy their organic competitors. I want to support local farmers who grow healthy LOCAL food, but the big companies treat them like their the mafia. Where's the national defense?

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