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  • Illegal Immigration: Greater Efforts Still Needed to Combat Smuggling and Violence

    The illegal immigration of Mexicans to the U.S. has “sputtered to a trickle” due to an increase in economic and educational opportunities in Mexico coupled with a surge in border violence. At least, that is what The New York Times reported earlier this year.

    Ignoring that the apprehension of 447,500 illegal immigrants along the southwest border in fiscal year 2010 can hardly be called “trickle,” has the economy in Mexico really seen such drastic improvements that economic conditions are pushing fewer and fewer Mexican citizens to head to the U.S.? Likewise, what are the true effects of drug violence along the border and throughout Mexico on illegal immigration to the U.S.?

    In June, The Heritage Foundation wrote about the “push-pull effect” and illegal immigration, explaining:

    Illegal immigration largely results from the “push-pull effect” caused by slow economies in Latin America and the need for workers in the United States. In order to stem this tide, the United States should implement a market-based temporary-worker pilot program to meet the American demand for workers, giving U.S. businesses access to a reliable, rotating workforce from abroad. Such a program would meet the needs of the American economy and also quell the drive for illegal immigration. Further, fostering free-market economic reforms in Latin America would help to strengthen the economic opportunities of the region and reduce the need for individuals to seek employment abroad in order to support themselves and their families.

    On the one side, few would argue that the U.S. “pull” on immigrants has not declined with the recent economic downturn. In fact, most experts seem to believe that the decline in the number of illegal immigrants in the U.S.—an estimated 10.8 million illegal immigrants were believed to be present in the U.S. in January 2010, down from 11.8 million in January 2007—is largely due to self-deportation. As jobs have become scarcer in the United States, some illegal immigrants have chosen to simply turn around and go home, and some may simply be choosing not to come at all.

    The bigger question, however, is just how much the “push” effect has declined. As author Georffrey Ramsey explains in InsightCrime.org, while some in Mexico may have seen a growth in disposable income in recent years, only 32 percent of the country qualifies as middle class, while the number of individuals living below the poverty line has grown to 52 million (nearly half of Mexico’s population of 112 million). Increases in free market reform and economic opportunity in Mexico are still desperately needed.

    The question remaining, then, is the effects on illegal immigration of fear of violence spurned by Mexico’s drug war. As we wrote earlier this year:

    Violence against illegal border-crossers has become a regular occurrence around land and sea borders over the past decade. Criminal acts committed against illegal immigrants include kidnapping, robbery, extortion, sexual violence, and death at the hands of cartels, smugglers, and even corrupt Mexican government officials.… Despite some success in thwarting these [transnational criminal] organizations, the slow pace of justice and law enforcement reform, as well as rampant corruption, has allowed organized crime to continue to thrive in Mexico. Likewise, as Mexico attempts to clamp down on narcotics operations, these increasingly multifaceted criminal organizations turn to other sources of income, such as human smuggling and sex trafficking.

    Rather than belittling the problem of illegal immigration to the United States, Americans should take a more comprehensive and robust strategy for combating human smuggling, violence, and the huge numbers of illegal aliens. Such a strategy should focus on increasing border security and improving legal immigration procedures and public diplomacy and fostering reforms and greater efforts to combat human smuggling in Latin America.

    Posted in Featured [slideshow_deploy]

    7 Responses to Illegal Immigration: Greater Efforts Still Needed to Combat Smuggling and Violence

    1. RobinKed says:

      Further, fostering free-market economic reforms in Latin America would help to strengthen the economic opportunities of the region and reduce the need for individuals to seek employment abroad in order to support themselves and their families.
      Why is it the job of the U.S. to "foster free market economic reforms" in other countries!!!!–Why does the Mexican & So. American countries NOT have to take any responsibility for what goes on in their country????

      I have a better idea: Deport them, Deport them ALL, let ALL states pass legislation similar to AZ, AL, & SC, make it so MISERABLE for those Illegals that dare to break our laws that they will QUICKLY skulk back across the border!!!

      numbersUSA.org and/or immigration911.org–Stop the Stupidity!!!

    2. Alozarkman says:

      As long as they can so easily cross the border into the US and find jobs it will never be solved…make it much harder so that they finally turn on the cartels and take over their country…BO needs to votes though so it will not happen until AFTER 2012.

    3. Lloyd Scallan says:

      Having spent many years in South Texas, I saw first hand the system that land owners and ranchers use to provide tranport for illegals, to and from Mexico, which provides a cheep labor pool. I've actually seen 3 or 4 illegals housed in a 8'X10' shack, in a isolated area, for as long as 3 months at a streach. The land owner provided food, water, and medical assistance. Then when the illegals have made enough money to last a few months at there homes in Mexico, they are given protected passage back. The point is that much of the blame for the illegal problems we now have, must be placed on American that know the system exist and allows it to remain in place.

    4. The Center for Immigration Studies published a report about 10 days ago putting forth the following facts: Nation's immigrant population reached 40 million in 2010 the highest in the nation's history. The nation’s immigrant population has doubled since 1990, nearly tripled since 1980, and quadrupled since 1970, when it stood at 9.7 million…growth has been driven by illegal immigrants…Top sending countries—1) Mexico; 2) China, HK, and Taiwan…This is the case even though there was a NET decline of jobs during this decade. As a result, immigration remains high during a period of prolonged "economic weakness." (a nice phrase for depression)
      A Record Setting Decade of Immigration, Steve Camorata, October 2011.
      Continued in next comment

    5. Comments Continued…Cease any and all benefits for immigrants, and they will leave via attrition.

      We can combat all the entire immigration problems with a MORATORIUM on immigration!!!

      The United Nations assigns to us the number of "refugees" from each country that we will take on an annual basis. The Muslim population is unknown because they are not counted as a "group" on the census, and the majority enters as "refugees." We are being colonized by the various ethnic groups.

    6. Jim says:

      Milton Friedman said that legal immigration was bad and illegal immigration was good, mostly because illegals don't qualify for welfare, Social Security, and the like, forcing them to be productive members of society. Immigration in the absence of a welfare state is a good thing. Immigration with a welfare state is a bad thing. The legal status of the immigrants is irrelevant. The US was very prosperous when it had completely or nearly completely open borders, prior to the 1920's, and no welfare to speak of.

    7. Carol,AZ says:

      Update:{ re. violence }

      Mass grave in Durango City, the capital of Durango State, exhumed in Feb/March 2012, set the final death toll at 331.
      Also reported; " Most of those killed were killed by asphyxiation mainly by being buried alive. "
      This mass murder is the worse mass murder in modern Mexican history eclipsing the previous mass grave of 193 dead, found in the area of San Fernando between, Aug 2010/ AP. 2011.

      re.WWW.Borderland Beat. written by Chris Covert, Rantburg.com, Mar 02,2012, (pg 1, & 2).

      Another article by Chris can be find on (pg 2 & 3) were 11 more bodies found in a different location in the area of Durango on Thursday.

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