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  • Stopping START

    Obama and Medvedev sign new START

    The bilateral arms control treaty between the United States and Russia, known as New START, has critical implications for the security of the U.S. and its allies. In a recent article, Senator John Barrasso (R–WY) addresses concerns regarding the treaty. They include limits on U.S. missile defense capabilities, a weak verification regime, and an outdated view of the world that embraces the paradigm of the Cold War by focusing only on Russia with its porous limits on nuclear warheads, delivery vehicles, and inspection regimes instead of looking at the new and shifting 21st-century challenges.

    For Barrasso, this nuclear arms treaty hits close to home. On October 26, one-ninth of the United States’ land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles went offline at F. E. Warren Air Force. The Senator asserts that by ratifying New START, the Senate risks taking America’s nuclear deterrent offline. He is absolutely correct.

    This incident certainly reveals the need for the U.S. to modernize its nuclear weapons arsenal as soon as possible in order to maintain its nuclear deterrent. Yet the Administration’s plan is overwhelmingly weighted in favor of sustainment over modernization. Current White House policies bar steps that would lead to the development and procurement of “new nuclear warheads” or “capabilities” to meet new missions in the 21st century.

    Furthermore, the President’s threat to withhold money on nuclear program unless Senators vote to ratify New START rings hollow and is reprehensible. The President has no way of guaranteeing the money, because Congress passes the budget. Conditioning funding for nuclear program on New START is playing politics with our national security.

    The Senator’s reasoning for opposing New START is logically sound. The treaty imposes significant restrictions on U.S. missile defense. These are found in the treaty, its protocols, and annexes. Paragraph 9 of the Preamble also establishes a bias against missile defense and codifies the old “balance of terror.” Building a comprehensive and layered missile defense would be much more difficult under the treaty. Indeed, these restrictions will leave the U.S. and our allies increasingly vulnerable to growing ballistic missile threats from Iran and North Korea or coalitions of hostile parties. In pursuit of New START, the Administration is holding to a Cold War view of the global environment where the U.S. falsely perceived Russia as its only nuclear rival.

    With respect to the verification regime, New START is far less verifiable than the original treaty. The U.S. would know significantly less about current and future Russian missiles under New START, and the Russians would be able to do much to advance and expand their strategic forces. The consequences of circumvention or cheating are more dangerous when nuclear forces are involved—especially in the absence of robust U.S. missile defenses.

    The Administration is currently rushing to ram New START through the brief “lame duck” session of Congress. Treaties requiring cuts to the U.S. nuclear arsenal require more scrutiny than others. Moreover, Senate consideration of New START during the lame duck is also inappropriate for procedural reasons. This is why the Republican Senators-elect have urged Senator Harry Reid (D–NV), the Majority Leader, that it not should be their responsibility to consider and vote on this treaty in the lame duck. They will be seated next month and need time to become educated on the content of the treaty.

    Barrasso has pointed out major flaws regarding New START. The treaty, if ratified as it currently stands, would undermine the security of the U.S. and its allies. Instead of hastily forcing the Senate vote during the “lame duck” session, the new Senate should be given enough time to become educated on the treaty and address its numerous flaws.

    Co-authored by Matthew Foulger. Foulger is a member of the Young Leaders Program at the Heritage Foundation. For more information on interning at Heritage, please visit: http://www.heritage.org/about/departments/ylp.cfm.

    Posted in Security [slideshow_deploy]

    3 Responses to Stopping START

    1. Pingback: 33 Minutes

    2. Ken Scheve, Shawnee, says:

      No businessman, no homeowner, no thinking person would ever sign a commitment with one tenth of the importance as this treaty without totally reviewing all documents associated with it. Our senators and congresspersons must be forced to act responsibly and never vote without knowing the details of what they are voting on.

    3. KB, Georgia says:

      My senator, Johnny Isakson, went along with this in Committee. His rationale is that we do not have on-the-ground intelligence in Russia. He says that we have not had it for the last year after the expiration of another treaty???

      I haven't been able to verify if this is true and whether this is a strong enough reason to overcome the weaknesses of this treaty. Can someone verify if the information he gave me is correct?

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