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  • Investigation Affirms North Korea Attacked South Korean Ship

    On September 13, 2010, South Korea released an extensive report detailing North Korea’s responsibility for an unprovoked attack on the South Korean naval vessel Cheonan. The 313-page report provides overwhelming, irrefutable evidence that Pyongyang deliberately sank the Cheonan with a torpedo launched from a submarine. Although North Korea’s motives for this act of war remain uncertain, the evidence is beyond doubt.

    The report describes in minute detail the results of a five-nation, two-month long investigation. The report uses scientific methods to inextricably link Pyongyang to the egregious attack. The release of the lengthy document, more extensive than a preliminary version revealed on May 20, was necessitated by doubt sowed by swirling conspiracy theories, some of which blamed Seoul or Washington for sinking the South Korean ship.

    The report delineates physical evidence showing that the damage to the Cheonan was the result of an underwater explosion and resulting ‘bubble jet’ caused by a torpedo underneath the ship. Interviews with crew members and coastal witnesses describe an explosion and resultant water plume consistent with torpedo explosions. Seismic and air acoustic wave analysis also point to a shockwave and bubble effect from an underwater explosion. Review of explosive residue, tidal currents in the vicinity of the sinking, and the recovery of parts of a North Korean torpedo preclude other possibilities, including an underwater mine.

    Despite overwhelming evidence, there are those determined to remain unconvinced because it is inconvenient for them to admit North Korean culpability. South Korean progressives, who harbor a benevolent view of the North Korean regime, aggressively seek to undermine any threat to their advocacy for Seoul returning to a policy of providing generous unconditional benefits to Pyongyang. As such, they reflexively blame the United States or the conservative government of Lee Myung-bak as a means of diverting attention from North Korea’s bellicose threats, provocative behavior, and violation of international agreements and U.N. resolutions.

    South Korean and U.S. progressives also advocate searching for “an exit strategy” from the Cheonan as if the attack that led to the death of 46 South Korean sailors was an inconvenience that should be swept under the rug. Fortunately, Seoul and Washington see little use in re-engaging Pyongyang until it addresses South Korean security concerns and makes tangible steps toward resuming implementation of its denuclearization commitments.

    Current and former U.S. officials report that China did not want to confront the Cheonan evidence since it would put Beijing in an uncomfortable position it wished to avoid. Russia’s investigation, based on a cursory exposure to the Cheonan, was ideologically, rather than scientifically, driven.

    Pyongyang’s attack on the Cheonan is consistent with previous North Korean acts of terror and war. North Korea has repeatedly attempted to assassinate the South Korean president, attacked U.S. ships and planes in international territory, and blew up a civilian airliner. In early 2009, the regime engaged in a series of provocative acts that made clear it had no intention of engaging with Washington despite euphoric expectations that the change in U.S. leadership would cause Pyongyang to moderate its behavior.

    The Obama Administration responded to North Korea’s belligerency by pushing for punitive measures. Pyongyang’s attack on the Cheonan underscored North Korea’s unwillingness to abide by even the most basic concepts of international behavior.

    Despite recent media speculation of a perceived softening of U.S. policy toward North Korea, the Obama Administration does not appear willing to reduce pressure tactics until Pyongyang alters its behavior. The U.S. recently announced new sanctions targeting North Korean entities responsible for the Cheonan attack and engaged in prohibited actions.

    The sanctions were a welcome development since they are an effective means of upholding international law and U.N. resolutions by:

    • Signaling that there is a cost to abhorrent behavior;
    • Impeding North Korea’s development of nuclear weapon capabilities by constraining imports of components and material;
    • Curtailing Pyongyang’s destabilizing proliferation activities; and
    • Inducing North Korea to return to its denuclearization commitments.

    However, the strategy was weakly implemented because the Obama Administration remains reluctant to target the other end of the proliferation pipeline. The U.S. should identify and target non-North Korean entities that are complicit in violating U.N. Resolution 1874 and aiding Pyongyang’s illicit activities.

    Now that clear, comprehensive, and compelling evidence about  the Cheonan attack has been disseminated, it is time to move beyond the inane conspiracy theories endlessly peddled by North Korean apologists. Instead, policymakers and the public should focus on North Korea’s continuing threat to peace and stability in northeast Asia and discuss the proper means to redress it.

    Posted in International [slideshow_deploy]

    2 Responses to Investigation Affirms North Korea Attacked South Korean Ship

    1. bill goldman, portla says:

      The sinking of the Cheonan was a "friendly fire" accident. It was sunk by a rising mine planted by US Navy Seals from the USS Salvor operating out of the US/S. Korean nav al base near Bjeongyeong Island during or before the exercise Foal Eagle. The "overwhelming evidence" cited in this article regurgitates the comment by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton shortly after the 6 page summary was issued and is dead wrong. If a torpedo was fired by a N. Korean mini-sub in shallow waters it would have "holed" the vessel and not split its hull in two. N. Korea doesn't have "bubble jet" torpedo technology and Germany doesn't export torpedos to N. Korea. The torpedo part shown in the JIG reprt was rusted and ancient. Many independent S. Korean scientists have run experiments on the sinking and concluded that it was not a torpedo but a mine triggered by direct contact or seismically. The Cheonan was a modern corvette fully eqquipped with sonar detection apparatus capable of locating subs in the vicinity and sinking them. The earliest reports from the S. Korean Defense Ministry were that the Cheonan either hit a reef or a mine. Russian Naval experts were given access to the Cheonan and concluded that its propellor picked up a floating fishing net and was bent indicating that it was navigating in a damaged condition.

      The truth about the Cheonan sinking sticks in the craw of the conservative right wing who were determined to blame the N. Koreans and frighten the Japanese Prime Minister into abandoning its position of the US Okinawa base location.

    2. bill goldman, portla says:

      In my previous comment I neglected to point out that the JIG report was compiled by a 58 member group, 54 of whom were S. Korean and that the US. Australian, British and Swedish contributions were practically nill. The report didn't approach objectivity or independence. The arrogant bellicosity came from the authors of the report and the Chinese and Russians were trying to defuse the confrontational drive to war.

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